Although the majority of taxpayers do the right thing, some claimants, spread across all industry sectors, have engaged in behaviour such as incorrect self-assessment of eligible R&D activities, exaggerating their expenditure claims, ‘pushing the boundaries’ of the interpretation of the R&D definition and engaging in other forms of non-compliance.

The Government will implement a series of compliance, enforcement and administration changes to improve the integrity of the R&D Tax Incentive.

Integrity: strengthening anti-avoidance rules in the tax law so the ATO can ensure taxpayers do not avoid paying their fair share of tax by using tax schemes involving the program;

Enforcement: additional resourcing so the Government can help ensure that ineligible R&D claims are denied;

Transparency: publishing company names claiming the R&D Tax Incentive and the amounts of R&D expenditure they have claimed, to improve public accountability for R&D claimants;

Guidance: enabling Innovation and Science Australia to produce public findings similar to the ATO, and provide more effective, binding guidance on the scope of what is eligible R&D. This will help ensure taxpayers do not unintentionally misinterpret the meaning of the law; and

Administration: imposing a three month limit on extensions of time available from when applications, registrations and reviews are due.